Today in class we finished chapter 6: We rehearsed the imperative (see grammar p. 116 and exerecises 30 and 31), the t-plural (grammar p. 116 and exercises 28 and 29), and learned the pronouns tämä (this), tuo (that), se (it) and their plural nämä (these), nuo (those), ne (them) (grammar p. 116 and exercise 27). I also mentioned the place pronouns: täällä (here), tuolla (there), siellä (there).
We also talked about Finnish Independence Day, which is on 6th December. This year it is Finland's 100th birthday, so this is an important year. I mentioned the 4th graders, including my son, being invited by the mayor of the City of Helsinki to a big dancing ball today to the Finlandia Hall. If you are interested, there will most certainly be a story about this in the evening news on YLE channel 1 at 20.30. Or you can search the news (Uutiset) online in Yle Areena (Yle TV1).
Tässä on minun tytär 3 vuotta sitten Helsingin pormestarin itsenäisyysjuhlassa.
Tunnistatko, kuka on minun tytär? ;)
Tässä on poikia hänen koulusta.
Then we moved on to chapter 7. We listened to the text p. 137 and talked about the content of the text. Then we searched the words suuri, herkullinen, saari and vene in the text and analysed them: something happens to the word when it gets endings added?!?!!! Then we learned the 6 word types, see grammar on pp. 143-145.
The word types:
With the word types it is essentially about certain words having a stem (vartalo) which looks different from the nominative. The stem is used always when you need to add endings to the word. The partitive is, however, different. So you need to memorise these three forms of every word: Nominative, Partitive, Stem. The word types apply for nouns and adjectives. You can recognise which word type it is by looking at the end of the word in nominative. This is how the types are named, too: e-sanat (words ending in e in nominative), nen-sanat (words ending in nen in nominative) and so on... Today we learned 6 word types, but there are some more to come. It is important that you pick a model word and repeat that word in nominative, partitive ans stem so many times that it becomes an automatich poem in your head (you know, like this: huone, huonetta, huonee-, lal-la-lal-lal-laa). Then it will be easy to make any other similar looking words' form with the same pattern by copying the pattern (i.e. vene, venettä, venee-, lal-la-lal-lal-laa, perhe, perhettä, perhee-, lal-la-lal-lal-laa...). :) So please do some repetitioning practise, saying the words out loud at home...
- teksti s. 137-138
- harj. 4. Read and understand. Correct the things that are wrong. There are 12 mistakes.
- opiskele sanat s. 139
Sanatyypit (noun types)
If you were not in class on Thursday 30.11.2017, you can get some help with the noun types in the online course Taste of Finnish --> grammar --> noun types here. Please notice that this online course teaches partly different things than our book. But if you need an English axplanation about the noun types, this is something to look at there anyway.
- opiskele s. 143-145
- harj. 8 (First write the 3 forms of each word in the table according to the model word. Then use the word in the sentence, making the suitable form of the word. You need to understand the sentences to be able to do this!)
- harj. 9 (These words appear in this form in the text p. 137-138. Please write their basic form (=nominative))
- harjoitus 11 (Start with translating=understanding the sentence. Then use the given word in the right form in the sentence. Remember to pay attention to stem changes accordingto the noun type.)
- Käännä suomeksi. Katso tiedosto alla. (Translate to Finnish. See file below.)
Millä sinä matkustat? (With what means of transport do you travel?)
- Opiskele s. 140
- harj. 5
- kuuntele harj. 6
Remember also the essay assignment! Esseetehtävä